Wikipedia:Tools/Navigation popups

Navigation popups Icon
Navigation popups in action. In this screenshot, the user is hovering the mouse over a link to the encyclopedia article.
An example of Page Previews, which is NOT the same as this tool called Navigation popups.

Navigation popups is an opt-in Wikipedia feature that offers easy access to article previews and several Wikipedia functions in popup windows which appear when you hover the cursor over links. It should not be confused with the default Page Previews and Reference Tooltips, which are more reader-focused popups seen by all anonymous and new users.

  • Installation: Enter Special:Preferences and click "Gadgets"; under the "Browsing" section, check the box to enable "Navigation popups: article previews and editing functions pop up when hovering over links", then click save. Follow the instructions on the page to bypass your browser's cache.

If you're having trouble, you may like to peruse some frequently asked questions.

Features

 
Small image preview for an article (Classic skin screenshot, but works fine with Vector/Monobook).
 
Click to enlarge preview.
 
Reverting using popups- hover over history item and select revert. Click to enlarge preview.
Navigation popups quick tour
  • Mouseover tooltips on articles (including user pages):
    • Preview the first part of the article text when mousing over a link to an article
    • Preview the first image in the article
      • If there is an infobox with an image, and it is not a Wikidata-powered infobox, the image in the infobox will be taken as the first image.
      • The image shown in the preview can be controlled by adding an image hint to the article, in the form of an invisible HTML comment: <!-- popup [[File:Desired_Preview_Image.jpg]] -->.
    • Preview selected user information [user/user talk namespace]: pronoun preference, user groups, edit count, account registration date, date of most recent edit
    • Preview selected page information: size, number of links, number of images, number of categories and page age
    • Tells you about redirects, stubs and disambiguation pages
    • One click access to edit page, page history, most recent edit, edits by most recent contributor,[a] changes since my edit,[a] move page, what links here, related changes, watch or unwatch, protect or unprotect (for administrators), talk page, edit talk page and start new topic in talk page
  • Mouseover on image links:
    • Preview images
    • Preview file descriptions
    • Preview file links
    • Tells you if the image is on Commons
  • Mouseover on user links:
    • One-click access to user page, user space, user talk, edit user talk, new section in user talk, e-mail user, contributions and contributions tree, (for administrators) deleted user contributions, user log, (for administrators) block user, edit counter (User Analysis Tool), block log
  • Mouseover on footnotes:
    • Preview contents of footnotes
  • Mouseover on any wikilink:
    • Clear pop-up cache[b]
    • Enable/disable previews[b]
    • Enable/disable pop-ups[b]
  • Preview diffs and access both revisions in watchlist, history and related changes
  • Preview selected wikilinks when editing (use the mouse to select one wikilink)
  • One-click revert of vandalism from history browser (see image)
  • Shortcut keys (optional)
  • Automatically fix links to bypass redirects and disambiguation pages (optional)
  • Should work on all Wikimedia wikis

Installation

You must have a user account to install and use the Navigation popups feature. If you do not have an account, you will need to create one and log in.

Other wikis or global.js

Add the following to your user script file (common.js or global.js):

// [[Wikipedia:Tools/Navigation popups]]mw.loader.load('https://en.wikipedia.org/w/load.php?modules=ext.gadget.Navigation_popups');

After saving the page, clear your browser's cache (on Internet Explorer Ctrl+F5; on Mozilla Firefox ⇧ Shift+Ctrl+R; on Opera F5). Assuming that you have not disabled JavaScript in your browser, a popup should appear whenever you hover your mouse over an internal link in Wikipedia. If you use more than one web browser, or more than one PC, you may need to clear the caches for each so that the popup appears.

To install the script on the Commons or Wiktionary, repeat this procedure on those wikis.

To uninstall the script, delete the above lines from the same page and clear your browser's cache.

Usage guide

This tool generates "popup hints" when you hover the mouse pointer over active links and images. These popups provide information about the link's target and give quick access to a number of relevant actions.

If you hold the shift key then you can drag the popup around.

Popups depend on the type of link:

  • Links to ordinary articles: popup provides a preview of the first paragraph and image of the article; the Actions menu allows to view the History and Talk page of the article, to edit and watch the article etc.
  • In the edit box: Highlight a [[wiki link]] to get an article popup.
  • Diff links: On history or watchlist pages, hover over diff links like "(cur)" or "(prev)" to get a summary of the difference; the Actions menu allows you to revert or undo the edit.
  • User: links: information about the status of the user; User menu gives access to Talk page, recent contributions etc.
  • Image links: information from image's description page
  • In popups: most of the links in popup windows will open new popups when hovered over.

Configuration (optional)

There are dozens of configurable settings that add or remove various powerful features, explained in depth below.

Seven optional structures

There are seven built-in style variations: shortmenus (default), menus, lite, original, nostalgia, fancy, fancy2.

  • To change your selection, see the two popupStructure bits in the #Options just below.
  • For more specific details on each, see /Structure examples.

Changing the appearance of your popups

By editing your user CSS file, you can change the appearance of the popups. Your user CSS file has exactly the same name as the JavaScript file, but with "css" instead of "js" at the end. So you should edit your current skin's .css page.

Here is an example that makes the text a bit bigger.

.navpopup {font-size: 0.875em !important;}.popup_menu {margin-top: 1.1em !important;}

Here is an example which gives an orange-flavoured popup with a border and changes the font used. This makes the popups look pretty silly, but it shows the sort of thing you can do if you feel like it.

.navpopup {   background-color: #FFBE20  !important;  font-family:      serif    !important;  color:            #404     !important;  font-size:        medium   !important;}

Options

There are some options that you can set. To do so, edit your user JavaScript file and add a line of the form window.option = value; where option and value are chosen from the table below. For example, to turn on extensive menus and turn on admin links, you need to add something like this in your JavaScript file:

window.popupStructure = 'menus';window.popupAdminLinks = true;
Configuration options
OptionValues
Default in bold
Description
[edit]
Basic
popupDelay0.5, a decimal numberThe number of seconds before popups appear.
popupHideDelay0.5, a decimal numberThe approximate number of seconds between the mouse leaving a popup and its disappearance.
simplePopupstrue, falseIf you just want the links or find the amount of bandwidth consumed too great, then set this to true. No data will be downloaded and the popups will just consist of a list of links unless you set one of the following options to true: popupUserInfo, popupPreviewDiffs, popupPreviewHistory, popupCategoryMembers, imagePopupsForImages.
popupStructure'original', 'fancy', 'fancy2', 'menus', 'shortmenus', 'lite', 'nostalgia'Select the structure of the popups – view example screenshots. The 'original' setting, which is the default if simplePopups is true (or if your browser is known not to support menus), has all the navigation links in the popup itself; 'nostalgia', 'fancy' and fancy2 are variants of this. The 'shortmenus' setting, which is the default if simplePopups is not true, puts the navigation links in popup menus which appear when you mouseover the links beside the popup title. 'menus' is a more extensive version of 'shortmenus' with more links. Finally, 'lite' is a very simple structure, with just the preview and no navigation links at all.

Note that to set this variable, you need to include the single quotes, e.g. popupStructure='fancy';.

popupActionsMenutrue, falseWhen using menus, you can either have the title link in the popup generating a menu (if this is set to false) or a separate "actions" menu (if this is set to true, the default).
popupAdminLinkstrue, falseLinks to block people, delete pages and protect or unprotect pages are by default only available to administrators. Use this variable to override the default behavior.
popupShortcutKeystrue, falseIf this variable is set to true then you can focus some of the links in the popups quickly by pressing keys. When you hover the mouse over a link with a shortcut, the shortcut key appears at the end of the popup hint. For example, in Firefox or Opera, to quickly edit an article in a new tab you can type 'e Control-Enter'. Pressing escape should hide the popup, too.
popupHistoricalLinkstrue, falseWhen hovering over links to old revisions and diff links, extra links such as "editOld" are generated if this is true. Otherwise, you get the same links as when hovering over an ordinary link.
popupOnlyArticleLinkstrue, falseIf true, then popups are only generated for links in the article. Otherwise, many other links (such as Edit, Help) get popups too.
popupMaxWidth350, an integer or falseThe maximum width of the popup in pixels. Setting this to false means the popup will expand to accommodate its contents.
popupInitialWidthan integer or falseThe initial width of the popup in pixels. Setting this to false means the popup will initially be the size needed to accommodate its initial contents.
popupTocLinkstrue, falseWhether or not to create popups for the Table of content items. Set true to create popups for table of content.
popupSubpopupstrue, falseIf this is true then popups are generated for links in previews.
popupDragHandlefalse, 'popupTopLinks', ...The name of an element by which the popup can be dragged without holding the shift key. If false, then the popup can be dragged using the shift key instead.
popupAllDabsStubstrue, falseIf this variable is set to false then only pages that look like stubs or disambiguation pages in the article namespace are treated specially. (Setting this to true can lead to lots of false positives).
popupAdjustDiffDatestrue, falseIf true, then dates in history, diff and user contributions previews are adjusted according to the settings in your user preferences.
popupModifierfalse (default), 'ctrl', 'shift', 'alt', 'meta'Lets popups only appear when pushing a modifier key while hovering over the links. This prevents unintentional popups that hide page content.
Images
popupImagestrue, falseIf this is false then images are never displayed.
imagePopupsForImagestrue, falseBy default, preview images are loaded even when hovering over visible images. Setting this to false turns that off. If simplePopups is set to true, then the default value for this option is false.
popupThumbAction"imagepage", "sizetoggle", "linkfull"This controls what happens when you click the image in a preview. "imagepage" takes you to the image page (and will generate a subpopup when you hover over the image), unless the popup is generated for the image page; "sizetoggle" means the image size is toggled on click, and "linkfull" means that the image links directly to the full size version.
Redirs, Dabs, Reversion
popupFixRedirstrue, falseIf this variable is set to true then you can automatically "fix" links to redirect pages by clicking on the "Redirects" link. Note: You probably don't want to "fix" such links every time you come across them, and you definitely don't want to go on a hunt for them to "fix" them. See the About fixing redirects subpage.
popupRedirAutoClick'wpDiff', 'wpPreview', 'wpSave'The button which is automatically pressed when fixing redirects. If set to 'wpSave' you do not need to confirm the change.
popupFixDabstrue, falseIf this variable is set to true then you can automatically "fix" links to disambiguation pages by clicking one of the links at the very bottom of the popup.
popupDabsAutoClick'wpDiff', 'wpPreview', 'wpSave'The button which is automatically pressed when fixing (or removing) links to disambiguation pages. If set to 'wpSave' you do not need to confirm the change.
popupRedlinkRemovaltrue, falseIf this variable is set to true then you can automatically remove links to non-existent pages (so-called "red links") by selecting "Remove this link".
popupRedlinkAutoClick'wpDiff', 'wpPreview', 'wpSave'The button which is automatically pressed when removing red links. If set to 'wpSave' you do not need to confirm the change.
popupWatchDisambiggedPagestrue, false, nullIf this variable is set to true then fixed dab pages will always be watched; if it's false, then they'll always be unwatched. If it's null, then the page will be watched or unwatched according to the settings in your user preferences.
popupWatchRedirredPagestrue, false, nullIf this variable is set to true then fixed redirect pages will always be watched; if it's false, then they'll always be unwatched. If it's null, then the page will be watched or unwatched according to the settings in your user preferences.
Navlinks
popupNavLinkstrue, falseIf this is true then navigation links are displayed. If false, then these are switched off.
popupLastEditLinktrue, falseWhether the popup should contain a "most recent edit" link.
popupEditCounterTool"supercount", "custom"The edit counter tool to use or a custom url defined by popupEditCounterUrl.
popupEditCounterUrl""The url for a custom edit counter. You can use replaceable parameters in this url: $1 will be replaced with the username, and $2 with the database name (for example, enwiki_p).
Previews, etc.
popupPreviewstrue, falseIf this is true and you haven't set simplePopups, then a preview of the first part of the article will appear. (Reports of pages for which this is done badly are most welcome). If false, then this is switched off.
popupSummaryDatatrue, falseIf this is true summary data for the target page is displayed. If false, then this is switched off.
popupUserInfotrue, falseIf set to true show user info when the target page is in a user's or user talk's namespace. If simplePopups is set to true, then the default value for this option is false.
popupLastModifiedtrue, falseIf true then the age of the page is displayed in the summary data. This is the amount of time that has elapsed since the article was edited.
Diffs
popupDiffDatestrue, falseIf true, the dates of the revisions being compared are shown when previewing diffs.
Misc.
popupOnEditSelectiontrue, false, 'cursor', boxpreviewIf this is true then popups are generated for selected wikilinks when editing.
popupImageLinkstrue, falseIf true, pages linking to an image should appear in the preview. This currently does not work for commons images.
popupShowGendertrue, falseIf true, a gender symbol is displayed in popups showing user info.
Edit summaries[edit]
popupRevertSummaryPrompttrue, falseIf true, you will be given the chance to change the default revert summary with each reversion.
popupRevertSummarya stringThe edit summary used when reverting and not using a queried revert summary (see below). The first %s appearing in this string is replaced with the revision ID of the page being reverted to.
popupExtendedRevertSummarya stringdefault: 'Revert to revision dated %s by %s, oldid %s using popups'
popupRevertToPreviousSummarya stringdefault: 'Revert to the revision prior to revision %s using popups'
popupQueriedRevertSummarya stringThe edit summary used when reverting and using the query interface to get information about the reversion. A $1, $2, $3 in the string are replaced with the revision ID, the timestamp and the editor corresponding to the revision being reverted to.
popupQueriedRevertToPreviousSummarya stringThe edit summary used when reverting using diff links such as those found on user contributions pages and using the query interface to get information about the reversion. A $1, $2, $3 in the string are replaced with the revision ID, the timestamp and the editor corresponding to the revision immediately after the revision being reverted to.
popupFixDabsSummarya stringThe edit summary used when disambiguating links. The first %s appearing in this string is replaced with the disambiguation page, and the second %s is replaced with the target page.
popupFixRedirsSummarya stringThe edit summary used when fixing redirects. The first %s appearing in this string is replaced with the redirect page, and the second %s is replaced with the target page.
popupRedlinkSummarya stringThe edit summary used when removing red links. The first %s appearing in this string is replaced with the red link name.
popupRmDabLinkSummarya stringdefault: 'Remove link to dab page %s using popups'
Preview options[edit]
popupHistoryPreviewLimit25, an integerPreview at most this many edits from the top of the page's history.
popupCategoryMemberstrue, falseWhether or not to preview members of categories. If simplePopups is set to true, then the default value for this option is false.
popupPreviewDiffstrue, falseShow previews for diff links. If simplePopups is set to true, then the default value for this option is false.
popupPreviewHistorytrue, falseWhether or not to generate special previews for links to history pages. If simplePopups is set to true, then the default value for this option is false.
popupContribsPreviewLimit25, an integerPreview at most this many user contributions.
popupPreviewKillTemplatestrue, falseIf true, templates referred to in an article are simply deleted from previews; otherwise, they're shown as raw wikitext.
popupPreviewRawTemplatestrue, falseIf true, template pages (that is, pages in the Template: namespace) are previewed entirely as raw wikitext; otherwise, an attempt is made to render them in the preview.
popupPreviewFirstParOnlytrue, falseIf true, previews are restricted to the first paragraph of the article.
popupMaxPreviewSentences5, an integerThe maximum number of sentences to extract from something approximating the beginning of an article for the preview.
popupMaxPreviewCharacters600, an integerThe maximum number of characters to extract from something approximating the beginning of an article for the preview.
Technical options[edit]
removeTitlestrue, falseThe titles (the default popup hints) of links are moved to the main link of the popup if this is true. If this is false then they're not.
popupAppendRedirNavLinkstrue, falseIf true, then a new set of navigation links is generated for the target of redirects; if false, then you're warned about the redirect but no navigation links are generated. This does nothing if popupNavLinks is false.
popupNavLinkSeparatorstring,
' &sdot; '
HTML inserted between the navigation links. This defaults to ' &sdot; '.
popupLazyDownloadstrue, falseIf true, then downloads are not performed before the popup is shown. If false, then they are started as soon as you mouseover a link.
popupLazyPreviewstrue, falseIf true, then previews are not generated before the popup is shown. If false, then they are generated as soon as the necessary data is available.
Experimental and/or undocumented options[edit]
popupReviewtrue, falseShow an "accept this version as reviewed" link.
popupSetupMenutrue, falseAdditional menu to disable or reset popups itself
popupSimplifyMainLinktrue, falseShows only the subpage part of a title, for popups outside of mainspace
popupDebuggingtrue, false
popupActiveNavlinkstrue, false
popupModifierAction'enable', 'disable'
popupDraggabletrue, false
popupNeverGetThumbstrue, false
popupImageSize60, an integer
popupImageSizeLarge200, an integer
popupMinorRevertstrue, falseMark reverts/edits as minor changes
popupDabWiktionary'last', 'first'Determine position of the option to disambiguate the link to point to wiktionary instead.
popupPreviewCutHeadingstrue, false
popupPreviewButtontrue, false
popupPreviewButtonEvent'click'
popupDiffMaxLines100, an integerMaximum number of lines to process for the diff
popupDiffContextLines2, an integerNumber of lines before and after each change to include in the diff
popupDiffContextCharacters40, an integer
popupDiffDatePrinter'toLocaleString', a string
popupHistoryLimit50, an integerThe maximum amount of history to search through for the changes since my last edit. NOTE: misnomer
popupFiltersarraydefault: [popupFilterStubDetect, popupFilterDisambigDetect, popupFilterPageSize, popupFilterCountLinks, popupFilterCountImages, popupFilterCountCategories, popupFilterLastModified]
extraPopupFilters[], an array
popupRevDelUrlstringdefault: '//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Revision_deletion' Determines where to link to when showing revision deleted versions in the history
popupNewWindowstrue, falseShould links inside the previewed content be opened in a new window.
popupLinksNewWindowstringdefault: {'lastContrib': true, 'sinceMe': true}

Allow lastContrib or sinceMe links to open in a separate window. NOTE: not functional right now.

popupDabRegexpstringdefault: '(\\{\\{\\s*disambig(?!uation needed)|disambig\\s*\\}\\}|disamb\\s*\\}\\}|dab\\s*\\}\\})|\\{\\{\\s*(((geo|hn|road?|school|number)dis)|[234][lc][acw]|(road|ship)index)(\\s*[|][^}]*)?\\s*[}][}]|is a .*disambiguation.*page'
popupAnchorRegexp'anchors?', a string
popupStubRegexpstringdefault: '(sect)?stub[}][}]|This .*-related article is a .*stub'
popupImageVarsRegexpstringdefault: 'image|image_(?:file|skyline|name|flag|seal) |cover|badge|logo'

More options may be added, and requests for more configurability are welcome.

Advanced customization

Adding filters

You can define custom filters for articles. These are JavaScript functions which are run after the page statistics are generated, and their output is appended (as HTML) to that part of the popup. (Note that if simplePopups is true or popupSummaryData is false, then nothing will be displayed.)

The way to set this up is to write a filter function which accepts a string (the wikitext of the article) as input, and returns a fragment of HTML. Repeat for as many filters as you want, and then create an array extraPopupFilters which contains all of the functions, in the order in which you want them to be run.

For example, let's say you want to be told whenever the wikitext of an article contains a table written using HTML tags rather than wiki markup. One way to do this is to add the following to your user JavaScript file:

// initialize the array - only do this oncewindow.extraPopupFilters = [];// define the functionfunction popupFilterHtmlTable (wikiText) {  if (/<table/i.test(wikiText)) return '&lt;table&gt;';  else return '';};// add the function to the array (you can repeat this for lots of functions)extraPopupFilters.push(popupFilterHtmlTable);

Then when a popup is generated for a page containing an HTML table, you should see <table> in the popup. (It may also appear for other pages, such as this page. Correcting this defect is left as an exercise for the reader.)

Other examples

If you want to enable popupRedlinkRemoval, popupFixRedirs and popupFixDabs features in all pages except the special ones, histories and previews (where those features are obviously useless) you can add these lines to your user JavaScript file:

// Normally features are enabledvar toFix = true;// In special pages, histories and previews disable themif ( mw.config.get( 'wgCanonicalNamespace' ) === 'Special' ||$.inArray( mw.util.getParamValue( 'action' ), [ 'history', 'submit' ] ) !== -1 ){toFix = false;}// window.popupRedlinkRemoval = toFix;window.popupFixRedirs = toFix;window.popupFixDabs = toFix;

Translations

Please see this page for translations of the script interface and of this page into other languages. You'll also find instructions for creating a translation yourself.

Browser problems

Firefox

If a user on Firefox with the Adblock Plus extension installed cannot see the popup, only the normal tooltip, Adblock Plus may be blocking the operation of navigational popups. This can be solved by adding an exception to the filtering rules – go to the Main Page, click the icon in the browser toolbar, and turn off [Block ads on] This website: en.wikipedia.org.

This tool should not be affected by any browser popup blocking settings.

Userboxes

CodeResult
{{User:The Anonymouse/Userboxes/Navigation popups}}
 This user uses Navigation popups for a variety of tasks.
Usage
{{User:UBX/Navigation popups}}
 This user watches over Wikipedia with the help of Navigation popups!
Usage

There is also a Navigation popups topicon. {{Navigation popups topicon}}.

Feedback

Please see Wikipedia talk:Tools/Navigation popups, or the associated Phabricator project (for implementation-related discussion).

Notes

  1. ^ a b On selected browsers, including Microsoft Internet Explorer
  2. ^ a b c On selected browsers, including Mozilla Firefox

Credits and external links

This tool was primarily written by Lupin, who is currently no longer active on Wikipedia.It depends on some other people's work:

Older versions of the tool used overlib by Erik Bosrup.

Contributors


Wikipedia:Tools/Navigation popups

Navigation popups is an opt-in Wikipedia feature that offers easy access to article previews and several Wikipedia functions in popup windows which appear when you hover the cursor over links. It should not be confused with the default Page Previews and Reference Tooltips, which are more reader-focused popups seen by all anonymous and new users.